PAF Early Warning System Saab 2000


ISLAMABAD: The Pakistan Air Force on Tuesday received first of its four Saab-2000 Airborne Early Warning and Control aircraft from Sweden.  According to an official announcement, the aircraft landed at one of main operating bases, marking a major milestone in PAF’s overall modernization plan.

With the induction of the Swedish system, PAF has become one of the few air forces in the world to have Airborne Early Warning capability.  Besides detecting high- and medium-altitude aircraft, this state-of-the-art system is also capable of detecting low-level flying objects over land and sea at extended ranges. The system is capable of picking even the surface targets over the sea.  By virtue of these features, PAF would be able to boost its operational capability manifold by achieving requisite early warning for efficient and meaningful air defense of its airspace.

The Erieye AEW&C mission system radar is an active, phased-array, pulse-Doppler sensor that can feed an onboard operator architecture or down-link data (via an associated datalink subsystem) to a ground-based air defense network. The system employs a large aperture, dual-sided antenna array housed in a dorsal ‘plank’ fairing. The antenna is fixed, and the beam is electronically scanned, which provides for improved detection and significantly enhanced tracking performance compared with radar-dome antenna systems.Erieye detects and tracks air and sea targets out to the horizon (and beyond due to anomalous propagation)—instrumented range has been measured at 450 km.

Typical detection range against fighter-sized targets is approximately 350 km, in a 150° broadside sector, both sides of the aircraft. Outside these sectors, performance is reduced in forward and aft directions.Other system features include:Adaptive waveform generation (including digital, phase-coded pulse compression), signal processing and target trackingTrack While Scan (TWS)Low sidelobe values (throughout the system’s angular coverage)Low- and medium-pulse repetition frequency operating modes Frequency agility Air-to-air and sea surveillance modesTarget radar cross-section display The radar operates as a medium- to high-PRF pulse-Doppler, solid-state radar, in E/F-band (3 GHz), incorporating 192 two-way transmit/receive modules that combine to produce a pencil beam, steered as required within the operating 150° sector each side of the aircraft (one side at a time). It is understood that Erieye has some ability to detect aircraft in the 30° sectors fore and aft of the aircraft heading, but has no track capability in this sector

Private sector company announces first windmill project


KARACHI: A company in private sector of Pakistan has announced to launch first windmill project in the country and agreements in this connection have been entered with Private Power Infrastructure Board and Hubco Laraib Energy Limited.

According to the agreement, Hubco Laraib Energy will complete the project of 84 Megawatts till 2013. The project is located 7.5 kilometers to the south of Mangla Dam.

The government has announced to provide guarantees for the attainment of loan for the company.

At least $160 million will achieved from world and local financial institutions including Asian Development Bank, IFC and Islamic Development Bank. While, local banks include Habib Bank Limited and National Bank of Pakistan.

“Culture TV” to counter Extremism hmmm!


The ministry of Culture has planned to set up a Tv channel primarily focusing on culture and tradition of Pakistan . The main agenda is to counter extremism .

The proposal for “Cultural TV” was under discussion during the recently held meetings of ministry while its design and functioning was proposed to be like the existing channels of such nature like National geographic or discovery.
Official Sources of the mistry said
” the channel will cover diverse aspects of Pakistani culture and traditions including folk music, theatre industry , regional dialects and traditions, archaeological sites , history of this region and many other areas”

The ministry was focusing to get technical assistance from Pakistan television (PTV) to approach rural masses rather than depending on satellite or cable operators. The Culture TV will be a source of providing excellent opportunities as the documentaries on various archaeological sites, their Significance in the history of region and efforts made for their preservation will create awareness among the general people regarding protection of their heritage .

Ministry spokesman said

“Pakistan is rich in Cultural heritage , Mughal Architecture, Traditions and natural beauty and if preserved properly , it can be a hub of local and foreign tourists”

with the addition of Culture TV on can only hope that it can serve as counter extremism strategy for deterring terrorism and create harmony and peace in the society

6 failed tech predictions by Bill Gates


The founder of the world’s largest software company Microsoft Bill Gates is often looked upon for his vision. But then they also say, there’s really nothing like perfection. So, all our venerable tech czar’s forecasts too have not been flawless.

Many of the technology prophecies of the man who is often credited for ushering in the third wave of computing — mainframe era, minicomputer era to personal computing era — did miss the mark.

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Here’s looking into where all Gates went ‘wrong’.

‘640K (of memory) ought to be enough for anybody’

Seems Bill Gates couldn’t comprehend the pace at which the size of data will grow in the computing space. In 1981, Gates reportedly said that nobody would ever need more than 640 kilobytes of memory on their personal computer. Contrary to what Gates thought, most PCs today come with at least 2GB of memory.

However, in an interview to Bloomberg Business News in 1996, Gates refuted the quote. Here’s an excerpt of what he said when asked about the (in)famous quote, “I’ve said some stupid things and some wrong things, but not that. No one involved in computers would ever say that a certain amount of memory is enough for all time.
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“The need for memory increases as computers get more potent and software gets more powerful. In fact, every couple of years the amount of memory address space needed to run whatever software is mainstream at the time just about doubles. This is well-known.”

‘OS/2 programme of all time’

In a foreword to the OS/2 Programmer’s Guide in 1987 Bill Gates wrote, “I believe OS/2 is destined to be the most important operating system, and possibly programme, of all times.”

OS/2 was a computer operating system initially jointly developed by both Microsoft and IBM, and later developed by exclusively by IBM.

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The OS though gained some ground in large industries like banking, insurance and telecommunications it, however, failed to make an impact among the home and SOHO users. The launch of Windows 95 completely stole the OSes thunder.

Contrary to what Gates wrote, Microsoft’s own Windows operating systems today continue to power world’s over 90 per cent desktops. OS/2 is no longer marketed by IBM, and IBM standard support for OS/2 was discontinued on 31 December 2006.

‘Spam will be solved’

The problem of spam e-mail messages will be gone within two years, Bill Gates promised in January 2004.

Speaking at a session of the World Economic Forum, Gates said that the company was working on three ways to enable email users to keep spam out of their computers.
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The first two, he said, would involve having computers reply automatically to any email messages from senders not known to that computer — that is, not in the mail list of the email programme installed on the computer — with a request to solve a problem that could be handled by a person but not by a computer.

The third way, which Gates said was likely to arrive later but be the long-term solution, would require that email messages sent by strangers come with postage attached, the equivalent of a postage stamp. It’s been four-and-a-half years since then, and the spam menace only seems to be growing.

‘Microsoft will never make a 32-bit OS’

In 1983, Bill Gates said that the company “will never make a 32-bit operating system.”

However, nine years later (in 1992), Microsoft released beta of its first 32 bit Windows NT. NT was the first full 32-bit version of Windows. The OSes consumer-oriented counterparts, Windows 3.1x and Windows 9x were 16-bit/32-bit hybrids.
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In 1995, Microsoft released Windows 95, which featured new user interface, supported long file names and could automatically detect and configure installed hardware (plug and play). The OS could natively run 32-bit applications, and featured several technological improvements that increased its stability over Windows 3.1.

In 2005, Microsoft released 64-bit versions of Windows XP Professional and Windows Server 2003, now dubbed Windows XP Professional x64 and Windows Server 2003 x64. Currently, Microsoft’s most popular XP packs both 32 and 64-bit versions. Less-popular Vista also comes in both versions.

‘Blu-ray Disc is the last physical format’

In the year 2005, the tech czar amused the world with one another forecast that failed miserably. In an interview to a newspaper, Gates said “Blu-ray Disc is the last physical format there will ever be.”

Here’s quoting him, “Well, the key issue here is that the protection scheme under Blu-ray is very anti-consumer and there’s not much visibility of that. The inconvenience is that the [movie] studios got too much protection at the expense consumers and it won’t work well on PCs. You won’t be able to play movies and do software in a flexible way. It’s not the physical format that we have the issue with, it’s that the protection scheme on Blu is very anti-consumer. If [the Blu-ray group] would fix that one thing, you know, that’d be fine. For us it’s not the physical format. Understand that this is the last physical format there will ever be. Everything’s going to be streamed directly or on a hard disk. So, in this way, it’s even unclear how much this one counts.”
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While Blu-Ray has beaten HD-DVD to death, its successor are on way including multi-layer discs (LS-R), 3D discs that may hold up to a terabyte of data and discs read by short wavelengths such as UV.

‘Tablet PCs to be most popular’

In the year 2001, Bill Gates had said that tablet PC would be the most popular form of PC sold in America.
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At an event in Las Vegas, Gates showed a prototype Tablet PC and following year launched it. He said, “It’s a PC that is virtually without limits and within five years I predict it will be the most popular form of PC sold in America.”

However, Tablet PCs failed to make an impact. Only a few handful vendors market Tablet PCs. Also, they are still to take off as business devices.

Some time back, Gates again reiterated his faith in the Tablet PC form factor. He said that with better hardware and software, Tablet PCs have the potential to dominate over traditional laptop PCs.

Now twitter in Pakistan


logo-newAs part of a movement to encourage freedom of speech, free media, citizen journalism, effortless integration of common life with internet and to promote mediums of expression 2SC  recently launched another project through a platform which is already in a successful beta. “Twitter Pakistan Project” powered by iSMS. Twitter has been a famous platform for bringing your life close to your loved ones, family and friends. Twitter caught air with that sleak looking website and impressive mobile integration and became a platform for not only connecting to others but to express yourself effectively.

Sadly it didn’t last longer and twitter had to cut back on mobile integration in a lot of countries, Pakistan being one of them. Though one can still use it through its mobile website but nothing replaces the easiness in updates through mobiles . Adding to that Pakistan is a country where SMS rates are way cheaper than any part of the globe.

With iSMS.pk 2SC major goal is to bridge the gap between people using technology that completely fits into the prime motive behind Twitter Pakistan project. Thats why iSMS has laucnhed a cheap tweeting platform connecting twitter to mobile users in Pakistan. Now you can sign up on iSMS and send local messages (instead of costly international sms) and update your status on Twitter. The service is in Beta and the invites are limited. I am giving 100 invites through my blog. so drop you name and email address in comments field mentionng why you want twitter — email format should be written in this format abc at gmail dot com

Happy Twittering in Pakistan…